9/5/22 FROM THE INTRODUCTIONS OF THE 18TH CENTURY BOOKS ON REVELATION, PART 3

Good morning! Today we’ll start with Johann David Michaelis’ INTRODUCTION TO THE NEW TESTAMENT, first published in 1750. Michaelis was Prussian by some accounts, and German by others; he was also a Lutheran, and a very well-known scholar of his time. He was specifically a scholar in Hebrew and Arabic, and through the study of these languages and the customs of the people who spoke them, he attempted to throw some additional light on interpreting Scripture. Also, he is claimed as a Preterist by preteristarchive.org .

I have quite a bit of his material I want to share. It comes from chapter 33 of the fourth volume:

“…The various questions, which here present themselves for examination, whether they relate to the style of the Apocalypse, or the year in which it was published, or the qualifications, which every man must necessarily possess, who attempts to expound it, depend entirely on the main question, whether it is a genuine work of St. John the Evangelist, or not.  And on the main question I candidly confess, that I have not been able to obtain that certainty, which I have obtained in respect to other books of the New Testament…

“Irenaeus undoubtedly received the Apocalypse as a genuine work of St. John the Apostle; and like wise asserted, at least according to the common interpretation of his words, that the visions were seen by St. John, in the reign of Domitian. This last assertion would in my opinion, extremely weaken the testimony of Irenaeus, the Apocalypse can hardly be a canonical work, if it was written so late, as the reign of Domitian…”

I don’t really understand his logic here regarding “the weakness” of Irenaeus’ argument, and while he goes on to talk about someone else’s refutation of this problem, he doesn’t give any details of what those refutations are. More than that, Irenaeus is a very respected source, so it’s odd that the only reason Michaelis gave for doubting him involved his own preterist leanings and no other, more scholarly debate.

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7/30/22 CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS

Good morning! We are on the cusp of the Renaissance: the fifteenth century. This will be pretty short because there isn’t much about Revelation in this century. Bernard McGinn’s VISIONS OF THE END has a number of entries for this century, but he is looking at apocalypticism in general and not Revelation specifically. The people he talks about are often highly political and therefore seeing everything through that lens, or, they are having their own ‘revelations’ and visions that may borrow imagery from Revelation, but really are not about illuminating it. These visions are mostly about local politics or their concurrent royalty and/or popes. (And there are a whole lot of similar ‘prophets’ today on the internet!)

So, to cap off the fifteenth century we will talk about the last person mentioned in VISIONS OF THE END: Christopher Columbus.

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